Presentation of the Annals

It is with great satisfaction that I present the final version of the proceedings of the 28th CIAED -
ABED International Congress on Distance Education. There are 293 articles, distributed across six thematic tracks, with the best productions, research, studies and experience reports. produced by an active and significant community of professionals, educators and researchers in the areas of distance education, hybrid education and education mediated by digital technologies, brought together by ABED. The result of a huge workforce, starting from the authors who submitted their articles, through evaluators, trail coordinators and session coordinators, with the support of the ABED team, this is one of the most current and relevant scientific publications in the area of Distance Education and digital technologies in education. It will certainly be a source of consultation and reference, which is made available free of charge by ABED, as a way of disseminating quality material and thus contributing to the evolution and improvement of educational processes mediated by technology.

I assumed the presidency of the scientific council of ABED in 2022, with the honorable and challenging mission, assigned to me by Professor Fredric Litto, of coordinating the scientific committee of CIAED 2023. I had the privilege of receiving from Professor Waldomiro Loyola, a consolidated process , tested and successful selection and presentation of scientific works. But this gift also made the challenge even greater, because it would be necessary to maintain and, if possible, improve the high quality of this traditional and important scientific congress. So I started using a technique that we use in software engineering, which is to divide a large problem into a set of smaller problems. In this way, I created 6 trails and invited pairs of competent and experienced researchers to coordinate them. This way, each track would function as a small scientific conference and I could take care of strategic issues more efficiently. After confirming the invitations I made to teachers

  • João Mattar,
  • Daniela Ramos,
  • Paula Carolei,
  • Leandro Henrique Magalhães,
  • Alex Sandro Gomes.
  • Ketia Kellen Araújo da Silva,
  • Betina Von Staa,
  • Luciano Sathler,
  • Ilka Serra,
  • Jair dos Santos Jr,
  • Gley Xavier and
  • Ivete Palange,

to coordinate the trails, I felt safe to dare to propose other improvements, both structural, procedural and operational, as well as in the form of this grand event. I counted on the support and trust of the ABED board and scientific committee, and the invaluable help of the trail coordinators and the ABED team, to implement them.

Below I present the main changes implemented in 2023:


  • Creation of thematic trails
  • New submission system (JEMS), supported by the Brazilian Computing Society - SBC)
  • Expansion of the team of evaluators
  • Submission of articles in PDF
  • Three types of articles: full article, summary article and poster article
  • Technical sessions organized by themes, mixing full articles and summarized articles
  • Expansion of poster article presentation sessions
  • Provision, during the event, of a preliminary version of the proceedings, enabling all participants to have access to the articles that were being presented.

Not all ideas could be implemented this year. Some of the innovations need adjustments and improvements. However, as noted in the scientific committee meeting held during CIAED 2023, whose agenda was the evaluation of the results obtained, we can celebrate the positive results of yet another ABED event, which also had a record audience. And all suggestions for improvements, raised during the aforementioned meeting or received by other means, are duly noted for implementation at CIAED 2024.

I conclude by thanking everyone involved, authors, coordinators, evaluators, evaluators, technical team, in addition to the board and scientific committee and to you, the reader, to whom all this effort is dedicated. I hope you enjoy all this rich content. Good reading!


Romero Tori
President of the ABED Scientific Council
Coordinator of the Technical-Scientific Committee (CTC) CIAED
Associate Professor 3 at USP Polytechnic School

Congress presentation

Hybrid Education and Hybridization of Education
In what will be the first CIAED to be held after the end of the state of health emergency, we decided to revive the theme of that CIAED which was the last before humanity entered this unusual period. We do this, not because of the lack of new possible themes, but because of the increase in importance, scope and diversity that hybridization gained in society in general - and in education in particular - based on the collective experience lived over the extensive period of prioritization of distancing physicist. We seem to have accumulated thirty years of experience, not just three. It is as if the students we now receive belong to a brand new generation and another society.
Everything we discussed in 2019 about hybrid education remains valid (or almost everything…), but many new demands and possibilities have emerged. The world of work has discovered, and embraced, the benefits of merging, when possible, the physical with the virtual. Society in general has lost its prejudice against teleworking, telehealth and even teledating. “Lives” were incorporated into practically all social segments and activities. Metaverses have re-emerged with force, now more immersive, powerful and with the potential to become the new way of accessing the internet, boosted by the arrival of 5G and the spread of the “internet of things”. Many students enjoyed the experience of having the power to pause, fast forward, skip, rewind, speed up and/or slow down their teachers during classes. On the other hand, everyone started to value face-to-face moments even more, as long as they were well used. It no longer made sense for learners, confirming what pedagogues had been saying for a long time, traveling to a certain physical space just to attend expository classes. Active learning, the flipped classroom, among other teaching-learning strategies, especially hybrid ones, have never been more necessary. Likewise, there has never been a more opportune time to disseminate, implement, evaluate and improve them.
In 2019, when “hybrid education” was the theme of the 25th CIAED, this concept was practically synonymous with “blended learning”, that is, it represented a planned and systematized mix of learning activities developed in physical and/or virtual spaces, supported by analog and/or digital learning objects. In general, the hybrid experience was planned for the collective of learners, in some cases with the possibility of some personalization of content and media. A few months later, however, came the period of emergency remote classes, followed by a gradual return to the physical space, intermittently and erratically. In this context, a phenomenon of hybridization began to occur, very different from the traditional application of so-called “blended learning”. This new hybridization of education does not exclude the traditional concept, but brings others, in addition to greater flexibility, such as the so-called simultaneous education, in which a certain activity is developed simultaneously in physical and virtual spaces, with some of the students, and eventually even the teacher. , participating remotely. Today, the very concept of “presence” needs to be redefined, as it no longer makes sense to attribute “presence” exclusively to activities carried out under the same roof. At the same time, the concept of “hybrid learning” emerges abroad, a more comprehensive term that includes any mixture of remote and local, analog and digital, physical presence and virtual presence, structured and planned and/or flexible and ad hoc. If we translate “ hybrid” for “híbrido” will clash with the commonly adopted translation for “blended”. Another point for discussion during the 28th CIAED.

The “distance education” community is already used to the hybrid. EaD was also a pioneer in effectively and widely using digital technologies in pedagogical mediation. Virtual Learning Environments (VLE) were born and developed in distance learning and are now widely used in conventional courses held in physical spaces, having been of great value during “face-to-face remote teaching”. A well-known cliché says that “what works in the physical classroom does not work in distance learning”, which has justified the development of specific methodologies and tools for distance learning. What few realized is that the aforementioned cliché is not bidirectional, that is, “what works in distance learning can, in fact, work in courses planned to take place in physical spaces”, as the AVA and emergency activities developed throughout the course have already demonstrated. of the health emergency period. The knowledge that will be shared at CIAED is, therefore, of interest not only to the distance learning community but to the entire area of education.
We are in a unique moment, in which this exchange of experiences and knowledge between researchers, educators, managers, professionals, schools and companies is essential. A system that was already complex becomes even more intricate with the demands and possibilities of hybridization. Learning spaces and times, whether physical, virtual or hybrid, need to be rethought, improved and evaluated. Methodologies, tools, content, experiences, proposals, studies, theories, innovations, challenges, proposals and visions need to be shared and discussed. The principles of Open Education need to be revisited in their potential to transform educational practices at all levels and models.
There was a lot of talk about the “new normal”. At the 28th CIAED we will discuss and envision the “new future”: the future of education and, consequently, of our society.

Romero Tori
President of the ABED Scientific Council
Coordinator of the Technical-Scientific Committee (CTC) CIAED
Associate Professor 3 at USP Polytechnic School

Word from the President

The text above, thematically mapping what will be a significant part of the content of the next ABED International Congress, and written by the new Coordinator of the Association's Scientific Council, is, at the same time, a challenge and an invitation to all individuals seriously interested in learning mediated by technology.

As a mature scientific association, ABED has the responsibility to offer a true agora in which experienced professionals test their ideas, theories and practices among other experts – a place where new experiences are reported, careers are launched and advanced, intellectual partnerships and friendships are made. personal skills are developed.

Romero Tori, professor at the USP Polytechnic School, splendidly identified in his text the wealth of new possibilities inherent to distance learning. But this theme will not be the only topic of the conclave. Proposals for scientific work, round tables and debates will also be considered on other aspects of EAD. I encourage veterans and beginners to compete for a new project that promises to be the new and best EAD menu in Brazil so far.


Estante com livros

Descrição gerada automaticamente

Fredric Michael Litto

President of ABED

Professor Emeritus at USP

Full member of ABE


Papers by Trails